Saint Andronik Bishop of Kyoto (Japan) and Perm (Russia), Hieromartyr in Russia, from Povodnevo, Yaroslavl, Russia (+1918)  – June 4, June 6, June 7 and July 7


Saint Andronik Bishop of Kyoto (Japan) and Perm (Russia), Hieromartyr in Russia, from Povodnevo, Yaroslavl, Russia (+1918)

June 4, June 6, June 7 and July 7

Archbishop Andronik (August 1, 1870 – July 7, 1918), was a bishop in the Russian Orthodox Church and a saint, glorified as Hieromartyr Andronik, Archbishop of Perm in 2000.

Archbishop Andronik was born as Vladimir Nikolsky, on August 1, 1870, in Povodnevo, a village in Myshkin uyezd, Yaroslavl diocese. His father was a deacon in the Russian Orthodox Church. After he finished his studies at the Yaroslavl Seminary in 1891, he entered the Moscow Theological Academy. On August 1, 1893, during his studies in Moscow, he was tonsured a monk and given the religious name of Andronik. He was ordained to the diaconate on August 6 of that same year. On July 22, 1895, he was ordained as a priest.

From 1895, Andronik was assigned first to the theological seminary of Kutaisi in Georgia and then at the seminary at Ardon as inspector and instructor.

In 1897, Andronik was assigned as a member of the Russian Orthodox mission to the Empire of Japan, under Bishop Nikolai (Kasatkin), later glorified as St. Nicholas of Japan, to assist him in his missionary work, which he began 1861. Hieromonk Andronik was very surprised by this assignment and felt inadequate for the position, but ultimately he accepted it as God’s will. His journey began in St. Petersburg, on September 21, 1897, and continued from Odessa with Archimandrite Sergius (Stragorodsky) on October 26. Traveling through European countries and the United States, they arrived in Japan on December 26. He wrote and published a book about this journey, A Missionary Journey to Japan (published in Kazan, Russia in 1899).

On November 5, 1906, Andronik was consecrated as the first Bishop of Kyoto, which became the seat of the West Japan Diocese of the Japanese Orthodox Church. Although Bishop Andronik was the bishop of Kyoto, he lived in Osaka which, while it then was the second largest city in Japan, was also where most of Orthodox faithful lived. After he arrived in Osaka, he began to feel ill and found performing his duties difficult. After serving in Osaka for three months, he asked leave to resign and to depart from Japan. On May 27, 1907, he left Japan and returned to Russia. There, he was assigned on October 26 to be the deputy to Bishop Eulogius of Kholm. In 1908, he was assigned bishop of Tikhvin in Novgorod diocese.

On July 30, 1914, Andronik was appointed bishop of Perm and Solikamsk. Eleven days before, on July 19, World War I began. As the war progressed, he worked energetically for one and a half million inhabitants and 570 churches in this region.

In summer 1916, Andronik traveled to the Imperial Russian Army headquarters outside St. Petersburg where Tsar Nicholas II was leading the army. The purpose of this trip was to warn the Tsar about Rasputin. However, the Tsar would not take him seriously and his trip failed. But Nicholas II was pleased with the gift Bishop Andronik gave him on behalf of the people, a pair of soldier’s boots that the province of Perm provided the army.

In 1917, Andronik became Bishop of Perm and Kungur, and became one of the seven hierarchs in the pre-conciliar synod preparing for the Local Council of the Russian Church in Moscow. He was very active throughout the council, from August 1917 until April 1918, which was the end of the second session of the Council. As the agitation of the Bolshevik take-over intensified on January 25, 1918, Bishop Adronik made a written appeal to the faithful to defend the heritage of the Church from the aggressors and looters as attacks became more frequent.

Andronik was a firm supporter of the Tsar. From his point of view, it was God’s will that the anointed Tsar should reign over the empire; hence, the monarchy was an appropriate governmental system for Christians. But this did not mean he supported tyranny: the Tsar should listen to his people, and the monarch and the people should come to peace.

In February, in the Perm region, the Bolsheviks began to loot churches and monasteries. When the second session of the Council ended, Andronic returned to Perm. Patriarch Tikhon had elevated him to archbishop on April 25, Palm Sunday. On Holy Thursday, April 16, the Bolsheviks carried out a search of his residence. He remained calm and continued the services of Holy Week and Pascha (Easter).

The Bolshevik authorities increased pressure on the church in the following weeks. Finally Archbishop Andronik was arrested at midnight on July 4. In response, the clergy in Perm went on strike from the night he was arrested until July 13, halting all divine services in the region except baptism and the last rites for the dying. There are various accounts of his death. The apparently most consistent says that on July 7, 1918 he was taken to the forest and forced to dig his own grave. After lying down in it, he was covered with earth and shots were fired into the dirt.

In 2000, the Russian Orthodox Church glorified him as Hieromartyr Andronik, Archbishop Of Perm, one of the Russian New Martyrs and Confessors. His feast day is July 7.

Source: Wikipedia


日本への伝道 Evangelism to Japan



Evangelism to Japan




Μοναχός Νικόλαος: Ο Ιάπωνας άστεγος της Νέας Υόρκης που έγινε Ορθόδοξος Μοναχός στην Ιαπωνία


Μοναχός Νικόλαος:

Ο Ιάπωνας άστεγος της Νέας Υόρκης που έγινε

Ορθόδοξος Μοναχός στην Ιαπωνία

Θα ήθελα να δώσω ένα μικρό παράδειγμα ποιμαντικής δραστηριότητας. Εμείς έχουμε ένα μικρό μετόχι στην Νέα Υόρκη. Βρίσκεται σε μία πολύ φτωχή συνοικία της πόλης όπου ζουν κυρίως ισπανόφωνοι και μαύροι: Παντού ναρκωτικά, αλκοόλ, άστεγοι. Πίστευω πως πάνω από τους μισούς κατοίκους της περιοχής ζουν από τα επιδόματα του κράτους.

Για τους εφήβους της περιοχής το να γεννήσεις ένα παιδί στα 14-15 σου χρόνια είναι λόγος να υπερηφανεύεσαι. Όχι να το φροντίζεις, απλώς να το γεννήσεις. Γι᾽ αυτό πολλοί λίγοι ατενίζουν το μέλλον με κάποια προοπτική. Σε κάθε δεύτερη γωνία θα βρεις μία Ρωμαιοκαθολική ή Προτεσταντική εκκλησία, μία συναγωγη, αλλά όλες είναι άδειες.

Μπροστά από το οίκημά μας βρίσκεται ένα βαθούλωμα, το οποίο εμείς ονομάζουμε “πηγάδι”. Χρησιμεύει για να κατέβεις σ’ένα υπόγειο μέρος. Μία φορά, μέσα Φεβρουαρίου ήταν, έριχνε χιονόνερο και έκανε κρύο. Ξαφνικά ανάμεσα στους κάδους των σκουπιδιών, που επίσης βρίσκονται σε αυτό το βαθούλωμα, άκουσα ένα θόρυβο. Σκέφτηκα πως κάποιος ζητιάνος ψάχνει μέσα στους κάδους άδεια μπουκάλια και όπως συνήθως γίνονταν, θα πέταγε τα σκουπίδια έξω από την πόρτα μας. Αυτό δεν ήθελα να το επιτρέψω.

Ανοίγοντας την πόρτα είδα έναν άνθρωπο με ασιατικά χαρακτηριστικά…

-Τι κάνεις;

-Συγχωρέστε με. Ψάχνω κάτι να φάω.

-Γιατί ψάχνεις τα σκουπίδια; Έλα μέσα

-Όχι. Δεν μπορώ, είμαι βρώμικος και μυρίζω.

-Έλα, έλα μέσα, του λέω εγώ

Κατά την διάρκεια του σύντομου διαλόγου μας του εξήγησα πως έχουμε ένα δωμάτιο όπου μπορει να κάνει μπάνιο, να αλλάξει τα ρούχα του και να φάει κάτι.

Ο άνθρωπος φοβήθηκε:

-Τι θέλεις από μένα;

Του λέω:

-Δεν θέλω να πετάς τα σκουπίδια στο κατώφλι μου. Αυτό μόνο, τίποτα περισσότερο.

Αφού έφαγε, κάθησα κοντά του και αρχίσαμε να συζητάμε. Φαινόνταν ένας άνθρωπος έξυπνος. Τον ρώτησα

-Πού μένεις;


-Δηλαδή δεν έχεις που;

-Να, κάθε βράδυ καθάριζα ένα γιαπωνέζικο εστιατόριο και μου επέτρεπαν να κοιμάμαι στο υπόγειο.

-Πώς έφτασες χωρίς στέγη;

Μου διηγήθηκε πως ήταν μηχανικός και πως ήλθε από την Ιαπωνία. Στην αρχή τα πράγματα πήγαν καλά, αλλά έπειτα έμπλεξε με τα ναρκωτικά, κοκαΐνη, ηρωίνη και σύντομα τα έχασε όλα.

Του πρότεινα να μείνει σε εμάς.

-Ω, δεν μπορώ, απάντησε.


-Επειδή ψάχνω την αλήθεια!, απάντησε ο άνθρωπος

Του λέω τότε:

-Δεν πρέπει να πας πουθενά, εδώ βρίσκεται η αλήθεια!

-Όλοι έτσι λέτε, μου απάντησε. Πήγα στους Καθολικούς, στους Μορμόνους, στους Ιεχωβάδες, στους Βουδιστές. Όλοι υπόσχονται το ίδιο πράγμα αλλά δεν δίνουν τίποτα.

-Καλά, του λέω εγώ, Μείνε ωστόσο λίγο..!

Έμεινε λίγες ημέρες σε εμάς. Αρχίσαμε να συζητάμε. Έπειτα βαπτίστηκε και πήρε το όνομα του Αγίου Νικολάου Κασάτκιν, του Φωτιστή των Ιαπώνων. Τώρα επέστρεψε στην Ιαπωνία και έγινε Μοναχός σ’ ένα Ορθόδοξο Μοναστήρι. Όλα όμως άρχισαν επειδή του δώσαμε την δυνατότητα να γίνει μέρος της Αδελφότητάς μας και του επέτρεψα να μείνει μαζί μας. Είδε το Ευαγγέλιο πριν το ακούσει ή το διαβάσει.

Από το βιβλίο του Μεγαλόσχημου Μοναχού Ιωακείμ Πάρρ
«Συνομιλίες στη Ρωσική Γη»
Απόδοση στα ελληνικά π. Γεώργιος Κονισπολιάτης



Cerșetorul Japonez a devenit Călugăr ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Romanian


Cerșetorul Japonez a devenit Călugăr

As vrea sa va dau un mic exemplu de activi­tate misionara. Noi avem un mic metoc in New York. El este asezat intr-o parte foarte saraca a ora­sului, unde traiesc in general vorbitori de spaniola si afroamericani; de jur imprejur droguri, alcool, oameni fara adapost. Cred ca jumatate din popu­latia zonei traieste din alocatiile statului. Pentru adolescenti, in aceasta zona, sa nasti un copil la 14-15 ani este un motiv de deosebita mandrie. Nu, nu sa ai grija de acest copil, ci pur si simplu sa il nasti. De aceea, in cadrul acestei populatii, foarte putini vad pentru ei anumite perspective in viata. La fiecare al doilea colt de strada se afla o biserica romano-catolica sau protestanta, o sinagoga si asa mai departe, toate goale.

In fata casei noastre este o mica adancitura, pe care noi o numim fantana. Aceasta exista pentru a se putea ajunge prin ea la subsol. Odata, pe la mijlocul lui februarie, ningea cu ploaie si era frig. Deodata, printre tomberoanele de gunoi pe care, de asemenea, le tinem in acest put, am auzit un zgomot. Eu m-am gandit ca, asa cum se intampla deseori, vreun cersetor scormoneste in gunoiul nostru si cauta sticle goale. Eu nu sunt impotriva ca cersetorii sa stranga sticle goale, dar ei, de obicei, arunca peste tot gunoiul care le cade in mana, si aceasta nu am vrut s-o permit.

Asadar, deschid usa si vad in fata mea un om cu infatisare asiatica. Il intreb:

– Ce faci?

– Iertati-ma, va rog, raspunde el, caut si eu ceva de mancare.

– Pai, de ce scormonesti in gunoi? Haidem in casa!

– Nu-nu, nu pot, zice el, sunt murdar tot si mi­ros urat.

– Haide-haide, ii zic eu.

In timpul scurtei conversatii, i-am povestit ca noi avem o incapere in care poate face dus, isi poa­te schimba hainele si poate manca.

Omul s-a speriat:

– Ce vrei de la mine? Pentru ce faci toate astea?

Eu zic:

– Nu vreau sa imi arunci gunoiul in prag. Atat si nimic mai mult.

Dupa ce a mancat, m-am asezat langa el si a inceput discutia. Parea un om destul de destept. L-am intrebat:

– Unde locuiesti?

– Niciunde.

– Adica nu ai unde?

– Ei, zice el, in fiecare noapte faceam curat intr-un restaurant japonez, si ei imi dadeau voie sa locuiesc la ei la subsol.

– Dar cum ai ajuns fara adapost?

Si el mi-a povestit ca era inginer si ca a venit din Japonia. La inceput, lucrurile i-au mers foarte bine, dar apoi a inceput sa fie atras de droguri, co­caina, heroina, si in scurt timp a pierdut tot.

Eu i-am propus sa ramana la noi.

– O, nu, nu pot, a raspuns el.

– Dar de ce?

– Pentru ca eu caut adevarul! a spus omul.

Eu zic:

– Nu trebuie sa mergi nicaieri, adevarul este aici!

– Toti zic asa, a raspuns el. Am fost la catolici, la mormoni, la martorii lui Iehova, la iudei, la budisti. Toti promit unul si acelasi lucru, dar nu dau nimic.

– Bine, zic eu, totusi, mai ramai putin!…

Si a ramas sa stea la noi cateva zile. Am ince­put sa discutam. Apoi el s-a botezat si l-am numit in cinstea Sfantului Nicolae al Japoniei. Acum s-a intors deja in Japonia si a primit acolo calugaria intr-o manastire ortodoxa. Dar totul a inceput pen­tru el cu faptul ca noi i-am dat posibilitatea sa devina o parte din obste, ca i-am ingaduit sa vietuias­ca impreuna cu noi. El a vazut Evanghelia inainte de a o auzi sau de a o citi.


(Schiarhimandrit Ioachim Parr, Convorbiri pe pământ rusesc, Editura Egumenita, 2015)

Cerșetorul japonez devenit călugăr

ケイリー=ヒロユキ・タガワ – 2015年11月に彼は正統派キリスト教の洗礼を受け – 3ビデオ Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa


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旧約聖書=イエス・キリスト登場前。 新約聖書=イエス・キリスト登場後 Holy Bible: Old and New Testament


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100+ Articles about Japan – Orthodox Christianity

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