日本の正教会 Orthodox Church in Japan

日本の正教会 Orthodox Church in Japan

正教会の信仰は、天皇の分野で日本の聖ニコラス(修道院のニコライにおけるイワンDmitrievicカサトキン1836年から1912年)を通過した。1861年、彼は北海道日本の島にHakadateのロシア領事館の司祭として来た。日本は軍事知事、将軍によって支配その時だった。彼らは、16世紀ポルトガルのイエズス会による最初のキリスト教の宣教師の成功の後、持っていた 世紀、キリスト教の信仰1614-1873の職業は禁止。それ以来、すべての日本のキリスト教徒は、過酷な迫害と弾圧にさらされた。それにもかかわらず、日本の長期Kakureのキリシタン(=秘密キリスト教徒)によって参照された地下で観測キリスト教のコミュニティを、散乱。このような状況にもかかわらず、日本人はHakadateに礼拝堂正教会サービスに参加しました。1864年、日本初の正統派の洗礼を受けた。離れて彼の家にいくつかの簡単なの訪問から、日本で1904年から1905年に日露戦争時にもそう、彼の人生のセントニコラスだった。これは、全国の1861から正統派の信仰を広め、日本正教会も献堂最初の司教だった。1863年にHkadateの司教は、首都東京に移動しました。そこに、復活大聖堂は1891年に献堂された、1884年に建てられました。セントニコラスは、彼の群れの、常に継続的な宣教師の熱意を成長させる特別な例示的な方法の羊飼いに充填した。1886年に1万人以上の正統派キリスト教徒のために日本にいた。でも、彼の非キリスト教の仲間の市民に、彼は高い評価を楽しんだ。このように、いわゆる「ニコラスの家」を意味広く正教会ニコライ-DO。セントニコラスは、言語のために良い感触を持っていたし、非常に高度なレベルで日本語を勉強。そこで彼は、Triodion、Pentekostarion、季節の礼拝、詩篇と日本への教会の賛美歌の本を空腹時、新約聖書を翻訳し、正統派の信仰の彼の忠実な深いrootednessの基礎を作成しました。1970聖ニコラス聖人の多数はカウントを埋葬し、「対等の使徒」の称号を持つ昇る太陽の国で彼の布教活動のために授与されました。

日本での自治正教会は3教区に分かれています。東京大司教区は、東京の第一教主、メトロポリタンダニエル(Nushiro)によって、日本全体で向かっている。彼は仙台東日本教区と京都で西日本の教区の司教によって補助される。それは、正統派の神学校や東京の小さな修道院をexestiert。聖ニコラス立っの伝統では、日本の正教会、新約聖書と詩篇、および多くの本は典礼使用するためのもので、正統派の信仰に忠実を指示する。セミナーでは、正教会の新聞「聖教時報」と正統派の本の大部分は公開され、印刷されます。今日、日本正教会は、すべて日本のキリスト教徒の約3%である約30,000の信者を持っています。北の島、北海道で最もであるそのうちの約150正教会の教会を管理する30司祭と助祭5。

ソース Source:

Wikipedia

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Japan: Samurai’s Journey to Orthodoxy

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Father Paul Sawabe

(Former Samurai Takuma Sawabe)

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Japan: Samurai’s Journey to Orthodoxy

The son of a samurai and son-in-law of a Shinto priest, Takama Sawabe was a fierce Japanese nationalist. He hated Christianity and all foreign influences in his country. One day he angrily confronted the Orthodox Christian missionary to Japan, a Russian priest-monk named Nicholas (Nicolai). Father Nicholas spoke to him:

“Why are you angry at me?” Fr. Nicholas asked Sawabe.

“All you foreigners must die. You have come here to spy on our country and even worse, you are harming Japan with your preaching,” answered Sawabe.

“But do you know what I preach?”

“No, I don’t,” he answered.

“Then how can you judge, much less condemn something you know nothing about? Is it just to defame something you do not know? First listen to me, and then judge. If what you hear is bad, then throw us out.”

After listening to Father Nicholas and learning about the Orthodox Christian way of life, the nationalist samurai who had once endorsed Shintoism now believed in Jesus Christ and was baptized, becoming the first person to embrace Orthodox Christianity in Japan. At his baptism, he appropriately received the Christian name Paul, after St. Paul, one of the Church’s greatest Apostles who, before his conversion, had used his authority to violently persecute the Christian Church. Paul Sawabe would eventually be ordained an Orthodox Christian priest. You can read about Father Paul (pictured here) in a brief article on the Japanese National Diet Library website dedicated to Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures, which includes another photo, and on Orthodoxwiki.

Father Nicholas, the missionary who taught Paul the Orthodox Christian Faith and baptized him, was later consecrated as bishop and is today known as St. Nicholas of Japan.

According to the the book, Missionaries, Monks, and Martyrs, St. Nicholas worked hard to learn about Japanese language and culture:

*Along with language learning, Nicholas studied the culture and history of Japan. He read their mythology and literature, and learned about Confucianism, Shintoism, and Buddhism. He even attended the sermons of popular Buddhist preachers and public storytellers in hopes of understanding the mind of the Japanese. For close to seven years he continued this intense study. Eventually, he became one of the foremost scholars of the Japanese language and went on to translate service and prayer books, catechism books, and the Scripture, as he waited for opportunities of evangelism to open within the country.

Source:

http://symeonsjournal.blogspot.com

http://symeonsjournal.blogspot.com/2006/08/orthodox-christianity-in-japan.html

FR SYMEON’S JOURNAL

БОЖЕСТВЕННАЯ ЛИТУРГИЯ СВ. ИОАННА ЗЛАТОУСТОГО PDF ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Old Church Slavonic

https://japanofmyheart.wordpress.com

JAPAN OF MY HEART

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http://www.orthodox-jp.com/liturgy/prayerbook/Liturgy_Gr_Sl_Jp.pdf

БОЖЕСТВЕННАЯ ЛИТУРГИЯ СВ. ИОАННА ЗЛАТОУСТОГО

PDF

The Traces of God in Japan – Samurai met Orthodoxy

http://havefaithorthodoxy.wordpress.com

HAVE FAITH – ORTHODOXY

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St Nickolas of Japan
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Fr. Paul Sawabe the former Samurai

The Traces of God in Japan

Samurai met Orthodoxy

http://orthodoxyislove.wordpress.com

ORTHODOXY IS LOVE

Fr. Paul (Pavel) Sawabe

Paul (Pavel) Sawabe was the first Japanese student and catechumen of St. Nicholas of Japan after he had arrived in Hakodate, Japan in 1861. Paul was the first Japanese to embrace Orthodox Christianity and was an ardent disciple of the future St. Nicholas and was an active missionary. Through his efforts the Japanese mission drew many new Christians and in time he became the first Japanese to be ordained to the priesthood.

Takuma Sawabe was born in 1833 in Kochi prefecture. His original name was Yamamoto Kazuma. He was a student, with a cousin, of the samurai art of Ken-do (Japanese swordsmanship) and philosophy. In 1857, while walking off some heavy drinking, Yamamoto ended up with two watches stolen by his cousin, but which he tried to sell. Yamamoto fled to Hakodate to escape the police who had identified him as having stolen the watches. In Hakodate, Yamamoto married the daughter of a Shinto priest named Sawabe. Yamamoto, after marrying the priest’s daughter, became an adopted son of the priest and changed his name. Under his new identity Takuma Sawabe did not participate in the Shinto priesthood, but led a group that reverenced the Emperor and demanded expulsion of the foreigners. The Russian Consulate in Hakodate became a target of their plan for assassinations.

One night in 1865, armed with a sword, he confronted the Hieromonk Nicholas with the intent of killing him before he did any preaching. In the exchange of words that followed, Nicholas questioned why Sawabe would kill him without hearing about what Nicholas would have to say. So, Sawabe asked Nicholas to tell him about his Christian religion. As the young missionary talked, his words softened Sawabe’s heart, his interest increased, and he began to study the Christian doctrine. Soon, Sawabe was joined by a doctor friend, Sakai Tokurei, in a discussion group. They in turn were joined by two more friends, Urano and Suzuki, and so the group of catechumens grew. They themselves began teaching about Orthodox Christianity to other Japanese people. Yet at this time, the Japanese policy was still to persecute Christians and forbid conversion to Christianity.

Then in April 1868, with the Reader Bissarion Sartoff guarding the consulate office door, Nicholas baptized Sawabe, Sakai, and Urano with the baptismal names for Paul, John, and James respectively. They had become the first Japanese people to accept Orthodox Christianity. With their baptism Paul and his friends went on to preach their new religion more fervently.

As the threat of imprisonment and perhaps even execution increased in the Hakodate area, Hieromonk Nicholas sent Paul and his friends to travel else where in Japan to preach their new faith, but ultimately to gain greater safety for them. Not hearing from Paul for some months, Hieromonk Nicholas was very glad to receive news from Paul of his successes in Sendai, in northern Honshu. In time the opposition to Christianity subsided, and the now Archimandrite Nicholas began to look to expanding his missionary work to Tokyo.

It was Paul Sawabe whom Nicholas sent to Tokyo to review the situation for missionary work in the Tokyo/Yokohoma area and advise him of the potential for such work there. Paul’s report was one of optimism, and Paul advised Nicholas to come to Tokyo as soon as possible. So, in late January 1871, Archimandrite Nicholas arrived in Yokohoma and proceeded to Tokyo to set up his headquarters.

Local opposition to Christianity was still present. In February 1872, Paul Sawabe and many of his co-workers in Christ were arrested by the local police in Sendai. The officials were amazed that even among the children their answers to questioning showed a deep conviction to their Christian beliefs. Even though many had not been baptized none changed their position but were strengthened in their faith.

On July 12, 1875, at the second General Council of the Japanese mission, Archimandrite Nicholas decided that there was a need for native clergy, and named Paul Sawabe to be the first priest, and that John Sakai would be a deacon. A month later Bishop Paul of East Siberia came to Hakodate for the first sacraments of the Holy Orders in Japan and ordained the new priest and deacon.

Paul Sawabe continued to service his new faith as his church grew over the following decades. He was to survive his mentor and bishop by a year, dying in 1913.

Source:

Wikipedia